What is Diabetes?

Everyone is at risk for Diabetes

Although the cause of diabetes is unknown, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • family history of diabetes and
  • exposure to some viruses, such as Coxsackie B virus

Type 2 Diabetes

  • family history of diabetes;
  • high cholesterol or other fats in the blood;
  • high blood pressure or heart disease;
  • age (over 40 years old);
  • obesity;
  • physical inactivity;
  • race/ethnicity (diabetes is more prevalent in people or Aboriginal, African, Asian and Hispanic descent);
  • a previous diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance
  • a woman who has had a baby over 9 lbs or gestational diabetes.


  • unusual thirst
  • frequent urination
  • changes in appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • extreme gatigue or lack of energy
  • mood changes
  • blurred vision
  • frequent or recurring infections
  • cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
  • tingling or numbness in hands or feet

In Type 1 Diabetes, the symptoms progress quickly
In Type 2 Diabetes, the symptoms are slower to progress